Located in the south of Yunnan Province, Jinghong is the capital of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the historic capital of the former Tai kingdom of Sipsongpanna.
A total of 13 nationalities live together, among which are Dai, Hani, Jinuo, Bulang, Hui, and Yao. The population of ethnic minorities forms almost 70% of the total population.
Hani people mainly live in the mountainous and semi-mountainous areas such as Menhai, Menglong and Mengla counties. The Jino you find in particular in Jino and Mengwang. Blang people are the aborigines of Yunnan Province and mainly live in Bulangshan and Xiding, Mengman, and Daluo. Hui people are concentrated in Menghai and Mengzhe.
Additionally, there are many cultural and scientific institutes in Jinghong, including the Yunnan Institute of Tropical Craps, the Yunnan National Laboratory primate Center of China and the largest butterfly farms of China.